Six Principles of the Montessori Prepared Environment

Are you a new mom looking to incorporate the Montessori approach at home? Or perhaps you've already started and want to ensure you're applying the all main principles? Use this list to make sure your prepared environment is one that is designed to maximize and encourage a child's independence, learning, and growth. According to Maria Montessori The first aim of the prepared environment is, as far as it is possible, to render the growing child independent of the adult.” In this list we discuss the six essential elements that need to be present in the classroom or household for purposeful, independent play.

  • Freedom 

This refers to the freedom of exploration, movement, interaction and choice. The child is free to choose what, where, and who to play with.

  • Structure and Order

The place of each object with the respect to the environment is clear and purposeful, reflecting the sense of structure and order in the universe.

  • Beauty 

Uncluttered, colorful, harmonious, and attractive. Overall, the environment should be inviting and meant to inspire peace and tranquility.

  • Nature and Reality 

Child-size toys made from natural material such as real wood, bamboo, and cotton are preferred over synthetic toys.

  • Social Environment 

By giving the child the freedom to interact with children from other age groups, they learn to be empathetic and compassionate.

  • Intellectual Environment 

Providing the materials and activities to guide the child through the Montessori curriculum and ultimately develop their intellect and personality.